MHSA

Mennonite Historical Society of Alberta


 

MHSA Archival Description Record

Title and Physical Description
Guardianship Committee of Foreign Settlers in South Russia fonds. — [Copied ca. 2002 (originally created 1799-1833)]. — 11 microfilm reels

Administrative History
The Bureau of Guardianship was established by the government of Russia in 1763 to encourage settlement of underpopulated regions of the country by autonomous colonies of foreigners. In 1789 the first colonies of Mennonites from West Prussia began to settle in newly-conquered territory in southern Russia (now Ukraine). In 1799 the New Russia Guardianship Office was created to manage foreign colonies in the region, known as New Russia (Novorossiysk). In 1818 it was superseded by the Guardianship Committee of Foreign Settlers in South Russia (German: Fürsage-Komittee für die Kolonisten der südlichen Gebiete Russlands). The Guardianship Committee functioned to supervise democratic and autonomous governance of foreign (mostly German-speaking) communities in the region. The Guardianship Committee was abolished in 1871; thereafter Mennonite and other foreign communities were governed directly by the provincial and local authorities.

Custodial History
After 1871, the fonds apparently remained in the custody of one of the provinces of the New Russia region or the City of Odessa. In 1922 it was deposited in the newly-created Odessa Historical Archives (now Odessa State Archives). During the Second World War the records were evacuated to Stalingrad and then to Uralsk before being returned to Odessa, and part of the fonds may have been lost. In 2002 selections from the fonds were microfilmed and described by Tim Janzen and Tatyana Makarenko

Scope & Content
The fonds includes reports on resolutions of disputes among foreign settlers in New Russia, and between settlers and government; instructions on governance of villages and local districts; statistical reports; records of passports issued; and financial statements

Source of Supplied Title
Title based on contents of the fonds

Source of Acquisition
Gift by Tim Janzen, 2002

Arrangement
Arranged chronologically

Language
The material is in Russian and German

Originals
Originals are in Odessa State Archives

Access Restrictions
There are no restrictions on access

Finding Aids
An inventory is available. See Films Inventory

Notes
Accession 2002.024, 2002.025
Language - Russian and German
Last updated July 2012 – Jim Bowman
Formerly known as: Odessa State Archives fonds
Part of the Tim Janzen collection
Information on Odessa State Archives is available at www.archives.gov.ua/Eng/Odessa.php

Films Inventory

Accession 2002.24
1 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 6-48
2 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 49-124
3 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 129-201
4 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 208-679
5 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 688-850
6 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 852-973
7 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 1018-1236

Accession 2002.25
8 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 866-1750
9 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 1752-2407
10 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 2410-2600
11 - Fond 6 (Board of Guardians) - Inventory 1 - Files 2612-3055

Film Contents Inventory (Selected)

Film No. 1

Film No. 2

Film No. 3

Film No.4

Film No. 5

Film No. 6

  • File 852
  • File 858 - The business manager of the settlements, College Adviser Lifanov, made a suggestion to the Guardianship Office to send him information about the sowing and harvest of spring crops in the colonies supervised by the Guardianship Office in 1814 (91 pages) - 1813
  • File 861 - The Chortitza Colony community wished to send two deputies, Jacob Enns and Gerhard Willems, to St. Petersburg to obtain Emperor Alexander the First's approval of the Charter of Privileges that had been given by Emperor Paul the First on September 6, 1800. The Chortitza Village Governments reported to the Guardianship Office about this (15 pages) - 1813
  • File 866
  • File 867 - The Ekaterinoslav City Police wrote two official letters to the Guardianship Office regarding the necessity to bring the "prohibition against housing people without written residence permits" to the notice of the colonists. The first letter contains a demand to take the Mennonite Johann Brandt to the police and the second letter contains a demand to take the colonist Martha Brimer to the police as she had housed a woman who did not have a written residence permit (13 pages) - 1813
  • (microfilm record sheet indicates: File 870 (23 pages) - 1813, but no documents were filmed for this File
  • File 872 - The Melitopol District Court sent to Inspector Sieber a court decision regarding a case concerning the Mennonite Gerhard Wiebe about the clandestine making of wine and other matters. Inspector Sieber reported to the Guardianship Office about this (60 pages) - 1813
  • File 877
  • File 879 - Information about the arrest of the Mennonite Joseph Nowitzky by the Ekaterinoslav City Police for not having a written residence permit. This was reported to the Guardianship Office (9 pages) - 1813
  • File 880 - File concerning an incident in which the Mennonite Peter Boris? saw his horse with a man from the Caucasus, Anderm Scheneev, and had brought an action against him. The Melitopol District Court delivered a verdict stating that Anderm Scheneev was not guilty and that obliged Peter Boris? to pay legal costs of 15 rubles (21 pages) - 1813
  • File 881 - File concerning colonists who had illegally left their colonies(55 pages) - 1813
  • File 888 - File concerning an incident in which the Mennonite Jacob Toews of Ekaterinoslav petitioned to the Guardianship Office for protection from Major Fuerstenau who rented his house. Major Fuerstenau had beaten Aganetha Toews, the wife of Jacob Toews (30 pages) - 1813
  • File 890 - File concerning the permission to borrow grain from the reserve stores granted to Mennonites and colonists from the Ekaterinoslav Settlement, who needed grain for food and spring sowing (122 pages) - 1813
  • File 897 - The Elder of the Radichev Hutterite Brotherhood, Mr. Waldner, reported to the Guardianship Office about a contagious disease among many of the settlers there (26 pages) - 1813
  • File 900 - Statistical information regarding the welfare of colonies from May to August, 1814. The Guardianship Office sent this statistical information to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Kherson Military Governor (351 pages) - 1813
  • File 901 - The business manager of the settlements and the Odessa Settlement Court Counselor, Mr. Lashkarev, made a suggestion to the Guardianship Office to sell wool from colony sheep flocks, which were communal property, to the Ekaterinoslav cloth factory (23 pages) - 1813
  • File 902 - Statistical information for 1814 that was sent to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Kherson Military Governor (207 pages) - 1813
  • File 919 - File concerning the issuance of temporary passports to colonists who had obtained permission to leave the colonies for business and private affairs and for trips abroad (197 pages) - 1813
  • File 923 - File concerning correspondence from the Guardianship Office regarding an incident in which a merchant from Ekaterinoslav, Joseph Zaitsev, brought a suit against Mennonites from the Chortitza Colonies. He accused the Mennonites of the theft of hot wine that belonged to him (200 pages) - 1813
  • File 926 - File concerning the debt of 150 rubles, 5 kopecks, that the colonist R. Aberle of the Zuerichtal Colony owed to the Jew, Mr. Walburn. There is also information in this file about orphans' money (586 pages) - 1813
  • File 928 - File concerning the debt owed by the Mennonite Joseph Nowitzky to the merchant Basil Bobrov of Alexandrovsk (18 pages) - 1813
  • File 937 - File concerning an incident in which the Radichev Colony Brotherhood accused Adam Wollman of theft and expelled him from the Radichev Hutterite Brotherhood. Adam Wollman didn't agree with this sentence. The Elder of the Radichev Mennonite Brotherhood, Mr. Waldner, reported to the Guardianship Office about this (13 pages) - 1813
  • File 944 - Colonist Johann Fein from Ekaterinoslav and the Mennonite Johann Klassen from Rosenort made a contract for the construction of a cloth factory in the Molotschna Colonies. The Guardianship Office ratified this contract. (49 pages) - 1813
  • File 951 - The Mennonite Klaas Wiens informed the Guardianship Office about the Mennonite Johann Heide from Halbstadt. He accused Johann Heide of a theft of public monies (7000 rubles) from the former Inspector of the Molotschna Colonies, Mr. Sieber (138 pages) - 1813
  • File 962 - File concerning an incident in which the District Mayor of the Molotschna Colonies, Mr. Walther, quarreled with the District Office's clerk, Mr. Treschwing (43 pages) - 1813
  • File 965 - Information regarding local authorities who oppressed the Radichev Hutterite Brotherhood. This was the conclusion that was drawn by the Guardianship Office as the result of an investigation of the economic condition of the Radichev Hutterite Colony (109 pages) - 1813
  • File 969 - The Ministry of Internal Affairs ordered the Guardianship Office to send statistical information about public monies in the colonies (549 pages) - 1813
  • File 973 - Statistical information regarding the welfare of colonies from January to April, 1815 (225 pages) - 1815

Film No. 8

  • File 866 - File concerning an incident in which Ivan Voloshin, a settler of Tokmak, had stolen a horse from a herd that belonged to Mennonites from Fuerstenau. Mennonites Johann Thiessen and Peter Wiebe beat him because of this theft ( 60 pages) - 1813-15
  • File 870 - The Melitopol District Court made a request to the Inspector of the Molotschna Colonies, Mr. Sieber, to send the Mennonites Anna Loewen, Abraham Kornelsen, Cornelius De Fehr, and Heinrich Wiens to the court in order to investigate a criminal case about the disappearance of a horse belonging to the Mennonite Abraham Kornelsen. Inspector Sieber reported to the Guardianship Office about this (24 pages) - 1814
  • File 919, 923, 926
  • File 1018, 1022, 1024, 1026, 1028, 1066, 1072, 1073-1074, 1077, 1079 - 1816
  • File 1087 - Statistical information for 1816 that was sent to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Kherson Military Governor (172 pages) - 1816-17
  • File 1090, 1098, 1111, 1114, 1123, 1127, 1130, 11780 1817
  • File 1236 - 1818
  • File 1243 - File concerning a fire that happened in the Radichev Hutterite Colony and concerning the establishment of the Radichev District Office (96 pages) - 1819
  • File 1331 - 1819
  • File 1345 (118 pages) - 1823
  • File 1356 - File concerning an issue between Mennonites and Nogai people concerning lands in the Melitopol District (56 pages) - 1823
  • File 1396 - File concerning the Radichev Hutterite Catharina, the widow of Andreas Waldner, who was willing to leave to go to Poland (25 pages) - 1820
  • File 1397 - File concerning the construction of new sheepfolds as communal property of the colonists in the Odessa Colonies (127 pages) - 1820
  • File 1400 - File concerning the Josephstal enclave public funds debit and credit. Official correspondence (671 pages) - 1820
  • File 1453 - File concerning an inheritance belonging to the infant children of the Mennonite Franz Cornelius (26 pages) - 1821
  • File 1480 - File concerning about a prohibition given to the Molotschna Pastor Mr. Zeling to marry the colonists without Guardianship Office's permission since he had married Cornelius Willms and Mr. Schpering's widow (31 pages) - 1821
  • File 1526 - File concerning appointments and resignations of the inspectors of the Ekaterinoslav Settlement (766 pages) - 1828
  • File 1528 - File concerning the resettlement of Mennonites from the Chortitza Colony to the Molotschna Colony (29 pages) - 1821
  • File 1562 - File concerning the transfer of Molotschna colonists to help settlers from Württemberg (19 pages) - 1822
  • File 1566 - File concerning Prussian emigrant Johann Krause who was willing to leave for abroad. He was single, 89 years old, had arrived in 1819 to Danzig, and had resettled to Molotschna in 1820 (19 pages) - 1822
  • File 1568 File concerning the supply needed by the Molotschna colonists for grain from the reserve store. 1502 people were supplied with grain (13 pages) - 1822
  • File 1580 - File concerning the reattachment of the Mennonite Mr. Banman from Kronsgarten (Chortitza) to Schoeneberg (Ekaterinoslav) (11 pages) - 1822
  • File 1596 - File concerning providing lodging to a deserter, Mr. Chuprinenko, by Chortitza Mennonites, namely Dietrich Thiessen, Jacob Thiessen, and Jacob Friesen (27 pages) - 1822
  • File 1599 - File concerning miscellaneous correspondence about accidents (fires, storms, hail, locusts, deaths of colonists…) in the colonies (192 pages) - 1822
  • File 1649 - File concerning the establishment of the Sheep-Breeding Committee in Molotschna Mennonite district (21 pages) - 1824
  • File 1678 - File concerning attaching Jacob Loewen and Margaretha Neufeld to colonists. He came to the Molotschna Colony village of Liebenau to visit relatives and then asked for permission to be enrolled at Liebenau to Mennonite Peter Dyck's family. They were admitted this once (36 pages) - 1824
  • File 1692 - File concerning sheep breeding in the Ekaterinoslav settlements (22 pages) - 1824
  • File 1741 - File concerning taking wine on lease by the merchant Mr. Troyanovsky in the Chortitza Mennonite District until 10 February 1827 (22 pages) - 1824
  • File 1750 - Statistical information about different duties of colonists for 1824 (201 pages) - 1824

Film #9

File descriptions organized according to the year of the records:

Film #10

File descriptions organized according to the year of the records:

Film #11

File descriptions organized according to the year of the records:

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